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众博棋牌>>众博棋牌>>常见问题>>启动机不工作的故障诊断!

启动机不工作的故障诊断!

来源:http://www.cp11807.com/ 日期:2019-06-10 发布人:admin
  1. 同时启动发动机,打开前照灯或喇叭,观察灯的亮度和喇叭的声音是否正常,如果变弱,检查电池是否不足,电路连接是否松动;
  1. Start the engine at the same time, turn on the headlamp or horn, observe the brightness of the lamp and the sound of the horn is normal, if weakened, check whether the battery is insufficient, whether the circuit connection is loose;
  2. 短接起动器电磁开关与蓄电池正极连接柱,观察起动器运行情况,如运行正常,检查点火开关;
  2. Short Starter Electromagnetic Switch and Battery Positive Pole Connecting Column, observe the operation of starter, if it works normally, check ignition switch;
  3.将起动器开关短接至柱上,观察起动器运行情况,如运行正常,检查起动器电磁开关;
  3. Connect the starter switch to the column to observe the operation of the starter. If the starter is running normally, check the electromagnetic switch of the starter.
  4. 删除汽车的起动器,然后删除起动器刷,检查起动电机电刷和换向器表面状况,换向器表面不应该烧蚀现象,刷的刷架应该自由移动,没有滞后现象,电刷和换向器接触面积不应小于4/5,刷长度不应小于2/3的新刷;
  4. Delete the car starter, then delete the starter brush, check the surface condition of the starter motor brush and commutator, the commutator surface should not be ablated, the brush holder should move freely, there is no lag phenomenon, the contact area between the brush and commutator should not be less than 4/5, and the brush length should not be less than 2/3 of the new brush;
  5. 以上试验均正常,如果起动器不转,故障是励磁线圈回路断开;
  5. The above tests are normal. If the starter does not turn, the fault is that the excitation coil circuit is disconnected.
  6. 如果起动器不能旋转,故障是励磁线圈短路。
  6. If the starter cannot rotate, the fault is the short circuit of the excitation coil.
  7. 如果外部电路接触火花很大,故障是励磁线圈或电刷架搭铁;
  7. If the external circuit is in contact with a large spark, the fault is the excitation coil or brush holder.
  8. 如果运行不均匀,故障是励磁线圈和电枢线圈短路。
  8. If the operation is not uniform, the fault is short circuit of excitation coil and armature coil.
  9. 如果输出扭矩小,故障可能是接地电刷不良;
  9. If the output torque is small, the fault may be bad grounding brush.
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  10. 确认并排除故障后,将起动机安装回发动机;
  10. After confirming and troubleshooting, install the starter back to the engine.
  11. 再次启动发动机,发动机可以正常启动,确认系统正常,无故障。
  11. Start the engine again, the engine can start normally, confirm that the system is normal and fault-free.
  汽车保养起动器注意事项
  Cautions for Car Maintenance Starter
  1. 每次启动时间不得超过5秒;
  1. The start-up time should not exceed 5 seconds each time.
  2. 两次起跑间隔时间应大于15秒;
  2. The interval between two starts should be more than 15 seconds.
  3.发动机启动后应立即切断起动开关。
  3. The start switch should be cut off immediately after the engine starts.
  4. 无齿轮起动,起动时,应将离合器放入空挡并踩下离合器。
  4. Start without gears. When starting, put the clutch in neutral gear and step on the clutch.
  维护技术标准
  Maintenance of technical standards
  1. 当环境温度不低于-5℃时,起动器应能顺利启动发动机;
  1. When the ambient temperature is not lower than - 5 C, the starter should be able to start the engine smoothly.
  2. 在常温下,启动时间不得超过5秒。
  2. Start-up time should not exceed 5 seconds at room temperature.
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